利用google Zxing 二维码生成与解析

生成二维码的开源项目可谓是琳琅满目,SwetakeQRCode、BarCode4j、Zxing...... 选择Zxing的原因可能是对 Google 公司的信赖和个人崇拜吧。 其实使用起来相当的简单。

我们考虑使用二维码解析的业务场景: 作为一个新闻资讯类的APP,需要通过爬虫技术手段抓取大量的新闻,但往往这些新闻中有大量的图片。通过该方案可以解决一部分内容。

1、通过maven方式直接引入相关的jar包

<!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/com.google.zxing/core -->
<dependency>
  <groupId>com.google.zxing</groupId>
  <artifactId>core</artifactId>
  <version>3.3.0</version>
</dependency>
<!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/com.google.zxing/javase -->
<dependency>
  <groupId>com.google.zxing</groupId>
  <artifactId>javase</artifactId>
  <version>3.3.0</version>
</dependency>

2、提供二维码生成和解析工具类

package com.forest.qr.utils;

import com.google.zxing.*;
import com.google.zxing.client.j2se.BufferedImageLuminanceSource;
import com.google.zxing.common.BitMatrix;
import com.google.zxing.common.HybridBinarizer;
import com.google.zxing.qrcode.decoder.ErrorCorrectionLevel;

import javax.imageio.ImageIO;
import java.awt.*;
import java.awt.geom.RoundRectangle2D;
import java.awt.image.BufferedImage;
import java.io.File;
import java.io.OutputStream;
import java.util.Hashtable;
import java.util.Random;

/**
 * 二维码工具类
 * Created by fuli.shen on 2017/3/31.
 */
public class QRCodeUtil {

    private static final String CHARSET = "utf-8";
    private static final String FORMAT_NAME = "JPG";
    // 二维码尺寸
    private static final int QRCODE_SIZE = 300;
    // LOGO宽度
    private static final int WIDTH = 60;
    // LOGO高度
    private static final int HEIGHT = 60;

    /**
     * 生成二维码的方法
     *
     * @param content      目标URL
     * @param imgPath      LOGO图片地址
     * @param needCompress 是否压缩LOGO
     * @return 二维码图片
     * @throws Exception
     */
    private static BufferedImage createImage(String content, String imgPath,
                                             boolean needCompress) throws Exception {
        Hashtable hints = new Hashtable();
        hints.put(EncodeHintType.ERROR_CORRECTION, ErrorCorrectionLevel.H);
        hints.put(EncodeHintType.CHARACTER_SET, CHARSET);
        hints.put(EncodeHintType.MARGIN, 1);
        BitMatrix bitMatrix = new MultiFormatWriter().encode(content,
                BarcodeFormat.QR_CODE, QRCODE_SIZE, QRCODE_SIZE, hints);
        int width = bitMatrix.getWidth();
        int height = bitMatrix.getHeight();
        BufferedImage image = new BufferedImage(width, height,
                BufferedImage.TYPE_INT_RGB);
        for (int x = 0; x < width; x++) {
            for (int y = 0; y < height; y++) {
                image.setRGB(x, y, bitMatrix.get(x, y) ? 0xFF000000
                        : 0xFFFFFFFF);
            }
        }
        if (imgPath == null || "".equals(imgPath)) {
            return image;
        }
        // 插入图片
        QRCodeUtil.insertImage(image, imgPath, needCompress);
        return image;
    }


    /**
     * 插入LOGO
     *
     * @param source       二维码图片
     * @param imgPath      LOGO图片地址
     * @param needCompress 是否压缩
     * @throws Exception
     */
    private static void insertImage(BufferedImage source, String imgPath,
                                    boolean needCompress) throws Exception {
        File file = new File(imgPath);
        if (!file.exists()) {
            System.err.println("" + imgPath + "   该文件不存在!");
            return;
        }
        Image src = ImageIO.read(new File(imgPath));
        int width = src.getWidth(null);
        int height = src.getHeight(null);
        if (needCompress) { // 压缩LOGO
            if (width > WIDTH) {
                width = WIDTH;
            }
            if (height > HEIGHT) {
                height = HEIGHT;
            }
            Image image = src.getScaledInstance(width, height,
                    Image.SCALE_SMOOTH);
            BufferedImage tag = new BufferedImage(width, height,
                    BufferedImage.TYPE_INT_RGB);
            Graphics g = tag.getGraphics();
            g.drawImage(image, 0, 0, null); // 绘制缩小后的图
            g.dispose();
            src = image;
        }
        // 插入LOGO
        Graphics2D graph = source.createGraphics();
        int x = (QRCODE_SIZE - width) / 2;
        int y = (QRCODE_SIZE - height) / 2;
        graph.drawImage(src, x, y, width, height, null);
        Shape shape = new RoundRectangle2D.Float(x, y, width, width, 6, 6);
        graph.setStroke(new BasicStroke(3f));
        graph.draw(shape);
        graph.dispose();
    }

    /**
     * 生成二维码(内嵌LOGO)
     *
     * @param content      内容
     * @param imgPath      LOGO地址
     * @param destPath     存放目录
     * @param needCompress 是否压缩LOGO
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static void encode(String content, String imgPath, String destPath,
                              boolean needCompress) throws Exception {
        BufferedImage image = QRCodeUtil.createImage(content, imgPath,
                needCompress);
        mkdirs(destPath);
        String file = new Random().nextInt(99999999) + ".jpg";
        ImageIO.write(image, FORMAT_NAME, new File(destPath + "/" + file));
    }

    /**
     * 当文件夹不存在时,mkdirs会自动创建多层目录,区别于mkdir.(mkdir如果父目录不存在则会抛出异常)
     *
     * @param destPath 存放目录
     */
    public static void mkdirs(String destPath) {
        File file = new File(destPath);
        if (!file.exists() && !file.isDirectory()) {
            file.mkdirs();
        }
    }

    /**
     * 生成二维码(内嵌LOGO)
     *
     * @param content  内容
     * @param imgPath  LOGO地址
     * @param destPath 存储地址
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static void encode(String content, String imgPath, String destPath)
            throws Exception {
        QRCodeUtil.encode(content, imgPath, destPath, false);
    }

    /**
     * 生成二维码
     *
     * @param content      内容
     * @param destPath     存储地址
     * @param needCompress 是否压缩LOGO
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static void encode(String content, String destPath,
                              boolean needCompress) throws Exception {
        QRCodeUtil.encode(content, null, destPath, needCompress);
    }

    /**
     * 生成二维码
     *
     * @param content  内容
     * @param destPath 存储地址
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static void encode(String content, String destPath) throws Exception {
        QRCodeUtil.encode(content, null, destPath, false);
    }

    /**
     * 生成二维码(内嵌LOGO)
     *
     * @param content      内容
     * @param imgPath      LOGO地址
     * @param output       输出流
     * @param needCompress 是否压缩LOGO
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static void encode(String content, String imgPath,
                              OutputStream output, boolean needCompress) throws Exception {
        BufferedImage image = QRCodeUtil.createImage(content, imgPath,
                needCompress);
        ImageIO.write(image, FORMAT_NAME, output);
    }

    /**
     * 生成二维码
     *
     * @param content 内容
     * @param output  输出流
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static void encode(String content, OutputStream output)
            throws Exception {
        QRCodeUtil.encode(content, null, output, false);
    }

    /**
     * 解析二维码
     *
     * @param file 二维码图片
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static String decode(File file) throws Exception {
        BufferedImage image;
        image = ImageIO.read(file);
        if (image == null) {
            return null;
        }
        BufferedImageLuminanceSource source = new BufferedImageLuminanceSource(
                image);
        BinaryBitmap bitmap = new BinaryBitmap(new HybridBinarizer(source));
        Result result;
        Hashtable hints = new Hashtable();
        hints.put(DecodeHintType.CHARACTER_SET, CHARSET);
        result = new MultiFormatReader().decode(bitmap, hints);
        String resultStr = result.getText();
        return resultStr;
    }

    /**
     * 解析二维码
     *
     * @param path 二维码图片地址
     * @return  不是二维码的内容返回null,是二维码直接返回识别的结果
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static String decode(String path) throws Exception {
        return QRCodeUtil.decode(new File(path));
    }

    public static void main(String[] args)  {

            // 生成二维码
//        String text = "https://www.baidu.com/";
//        String imagePath = System.getProperty("user.dir") + "/data/1.jpg";
            String destPath = System.getProperty("user.dir") + "/data/output/";
//        QRCodeUtil.encode(text, imagePath, destPath, true);
        //验证图片是否含有二维码
        String destPath1 = System.getProperty("user.dir") + "/data/3.jpg";
        try {
            String result = decode(destPath1);
            System.out.println(result);
        }catch (Exception e){
            e.printStackTrace();
            System.out.println(destPath1+"不是二维码");
        }
    }
}


3、截取一个大小为60 * 60 的中间图,二维码生成
3.1 这是我截取的图表,输入内容为http://www.baidu.com


3.2 直接方法后,生成一个文件(可以使用手机扫描一下就OK了)



4、如何判断一张图片是否为二维码图片
decode(destPath1) 验证,如果出现异常代码不是二维码的图片。否则是有二维码图片

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